Causes and solutions of sand holes on zinc alloy die casting surface


Causes and solutions of sand holes on zinc alloy die casting surface

As we all know, in the process of die casting production, the quality of sand holes on the surface of zinc alloy die casting often occurs. Many simple reasons sometimes affect the consequences of large damage. Topone Metalwork Engineer lists the abnormal analysis of this defect here, for the production personnel of zinc alloy die casting to learn together! Sand hole is a common name for the "hole" defect in die casting, which is mainly manifested in sand hole and slag hole.

One. General sand holes (also called sand holes).
During the whole process of zinc die casting, sand holes on the surface of zinc alloy die casting will be produced due to various reasons. The main characteristics of sand holes are different regularly precipitated sand holes due to different reasons.
The causes of surface sand holes on zinc alloy die castings are as follows:
1. alloy smelting time is too long and thermal insulation is long, causing air absorption and oxidation to intensify.
2. the alloy material is polluted, and at the same time, it causes H2O to enter the burden.
3. cleaning agent is itself wetted into the alloy solution.
4. the recycled material has been seriously corroded, and the surface has changed AL (OH) 3.
5. improper mixing in the smelting process causes more gas to enter the alloy solution.
6. raw materials all gold ingots contain H too much.
Preventive measures should be taken according to the causes mentioned above.
1. Always bake the oven before melting the alloy, thoroughly remove the moisture which can enter the alloy liquid to prevent the increase of (H)
2. all tools contacting the alloy must be bake, the coating agent is evenly coated and dried.
3. the alloy is well protected from rain and damp, preventing AL (OH) 3 from accumulating a large amount of surface area.
4. control the raw materials and strictly control the gas content in the alloy ingots.
5. strictly control all kinds of oil and other pollutants into the alloy, so as to prevent (H) increase.
6. In the degassing process of alloy refining, attention should be paid to the smooth stirring and the moisture-proof of the degassing agent should be stored in order to increase the water-proof vapor.

Two. Immersed sand hole
The following are the reasons for the sand holes on the surface of immersion zinc alloy die casting.
1. mold cavity wall contains volatile substances.
2. There is not completely volatile water on the inner surface of the mold cavity, mold release agent and so on. When the alloy liquid is filled in the die casting, there is no place to evaporate the white gas and immerse the casting.
3. leakage of mold
Preventive measures for surface sand holes of immersion zinc alloy die casting:
1. the use of release agent should be proper and uniform, not excessive and volatile.
2. blow evenly and thoroughly. Do not have any residual liquid on the surface of the cavity.
3. must not allow cooling water to leak into the mold cavity.

Three. Involved sand holes
Defect Characteristics: In the casting, injection and filling process of zinc alloy, gas is involved or contained in the liquid of aluminum alloy. With the filling process, the alloy still has swirl splash and so on. The gas can not be eliminated. As a result, the gas in the alloy solidifies and remains in the casting to form sand holes. The inner wall of the sand holes is smooth and smooth, but not smooth. Clean, there are obvious signs of contamination or corrosion, sometimes even odor, and even, sometimes, can be seen in this hole was rolled up such as oil (punch oil) showing a dispersion distribution.
Method of discovery: appearance inspection or X-RAY after machining.
Analysis of the causes of sand holes on the surface of zinc alloy diecasting
1. improper gating system.
1. gate is too thin.
2. the material tube is too large and the filling rate is too low.
3., the impact is too intense.
4. the gate is not in the right direction.
5. vortex intensified
6. improper opening of exhaust system.
7. exhaust is not smooth.
8. overflow slot is unreasonable.
9. vacuum flow path is not smooth.
2. punch oil consumption is too much, resulting in combustion after pouring alloy, a lot of smoke.
3. filling speed is too fast, resulting in a large number of gas, or too early blockage of exhaust channels.
4. the vacuum system leaks and the vacuum effect is reduced, because the gas in the high-speed filling cavity can not be discharged.
5. machining allowance is too large.
6. deep cavity gas can not be closed.
Preventive measures:
1. change the direction of the metal liquid entering the cavity, preferentially fill the deep cavity part.
2., reduce the injection speed appropriately.
3. when the filling is good, the greater the cross section of the inlet is, the better.
4. The position of the exhaust groove should not be blocked by the alloy liquid flowing into the cavity first, or the overflow groove should be added appropriately. The deep cavity of external vacuum casting can be used mosaic die to facilitate the gas discharge.
5. reduce the amount of punch oil properly to reduce the occurrence of gas in the pipe.
6. increase charging rate.
7. correct use of vacuum device, do not leak.
8. reduce machining allowance.
The above points are Topone Metalwork Die Casting Plant for everyone to analyze the causes of sand holes on the surface of zinc alloy die casting and related solutions, hoping to be of help to the vast number of friends or peers in need. In short, the surface defects of die castings are also one of the common problems in the manufacturing process. In addition to the reasonable design of the die, the quality control in the manufacturing process is also an important link, because it is more appropriate to detect problems early than to fix them later.